A clone is a collection of genetically identical organisms. It is a procedure used to create a new organism whose genetic constitution is a replica of an another existing individual. It is achieved by substituting the nucleus; that contains genes from one of the cells making up that individual's body for the nucleus of a fertilized egg.
In 1997, led by researcher lan Wilmut embryologists at Roslin Institute, Scotland reported that they had cloned a sheep 'dolly' from the cell of an adult eve. A year later, scientists at university of Hawaii cloned a mouse creating three generations of cloned clones. Two research teams succeeded in growing embryonic stem cells in same year- what an impressive work in the field of genetic engineering!
And finally came yet another breakthrough in genetic engineering cloning of first human embryo. The supporters of human cloning untrammeled by ethics, consider it yet another milestone but for moralists the news was a bombshell. The Europe US, Britain, France speaking vehemently against human cloning said that the world had taken a step further to the nightmares of humans replicated in lab. US President Mr. George W. Bush condemned human cloning ans said "We should not as society grow life to destroy it. The use of embryos to clone is wrong".
For pure scientists, by studying cloning, they hope to figure out how to transform a full-grown adult cell into an entirely new tissue. This implies that when one has a heart attack, doctors will remodel one of the patients skin cells into heart tissue and all the damaged heart cells would be replaced by normal healthy cells. This remodelling could heal kidney malfunction, burns, trauma, fractures etc. Embryonic cloning could prove to be a valuable tool for studying new transplant technologies. Hailed at scientific marvel researchers at ACT have successfully taken a cell from man's leg and cow's egg and prduced a human embryo. They say that this aims at treating a wide number of diseases. For them cloning is a blessing -an option for infertile parents who consider having children. They intend to create a disease free good genetic composition of animals, plants and human beings. But the dangers of human cloning rule out any of its advantages. Human beings should not be cloned to stock a medical junkyard of spare parts for experimentation. It implements use of clones in producing offsprings for their organs. An embryo at any stage of life is worth protection and research that entails destroying embryo, worthy of protection is immoral - no matter whatever the intention cloning turns human life into a thing, a commodity. It is unethical and unreligious man should not br defying the very foundations of natural creation.
Dr Rudolf Jearmsch - a professor at Massachustees institute of technology says that many cloned animals have subtle brain defects that means little in animals but could be devastating in human beings, so that would mean creating cloned embryos, implanting them and destroying those who look imperfect or disfigured monsters as they grow in womb. Cloning will destroy the age-old concept of father and mother. Human beings will be replaced for one another thus fostering a culture of dehumanization. At the loss of a human being, grief would be diverted in making a clone instead of adjusting to loss. Cloning is a crime against God, against humanity. It is a consequential realm of creating life to take life in the name of science. Cloning will teat society into pieces. What would Hitler have done with this technology if available at that time. There are always powerful leaders in every generation who will create a havoc for their selfish purpose. We should not take the work of god in our own hands and must respect human life or else cloning would take away human individuality, uniqueness and right to live his own life